Species: Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares), Bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus), Albacore (Thunnus alalunga), Southern Bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii), skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis), swordfish (Xiphias gladius), mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus), escolar (Lepidocybium flavobrunneum), opah (Lampris guttatus).
FIP Scope/Scale: Fishery level
Fishing gear: Longline,
Fishery Location: Indonesia EEZ, Indian Ocean
FIP formed: 2012
FIP Stage : 4 (FIP is delivering improvement in policies or practices)
Profile of fishery:
- Fishsource Yellowfin Tuna
- Fishsource Albacore
- Fishsource Bigeye Tuna
- Fishsource Mahi-mahi
- Fishsource Swordfish
- PT Intimas Surya (own 28 longline fleets, based in Benoa Harbour, Bali)
- Open Seas
- Cannon Fish/APICDA
- Seafood Exchange Pty Ltd
Tuna Longline FIP in Indian Ocean
The Indian Ocean longline tuna FIP was initiated by Sustainable Fisheries Partership, who conducted two informal Indonesia tuna roundtable meetings in April 2010 and September 2011. Both meetings were attended by the Indonesian longline fishing industries, the Indonesian Tuna Longline Association, the Indonesian Tuna Association and staff from the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries.
The FIP has been planned into two phases:
- Phase 1: to involve 28 longliners operating in the Indian Ocean and Indonesia EEZ (circa 10% of total Indonesian longliners operating in the Indian Ocean) in a pilot project to provide lessons learned for FIP implementation in Indonesia.
- Phase 2: To expand the FIP to include 35 contracted vessels to implement mprovement for the period of 5 years (2015 – 2020)
FIP Aim and Objectives
Aim: The FIP aims to support and contribute to the development of the improvement and sustainability of the tuna fishery in Indonesia.
- To promote traceability to ensure that the origins and status of Tuna, Swordfish, Mahi, Opah and Oilfish (escolar) products purchased are well-known and all coming from legal fisheries by engaging the supply chains that support improvement
- To improve the availability of accurate data on catches, retained and by catch
- To collaborate with other institutions working on tuna fisheries issues in the country, including working together to improve the management and policy towards sustainable fisheries.
- Improve traceability to ensure that the origins and status ofTuna, Swordfish, Mahi, Opah and Oilfish (escolar) products purchased are well-known and all coming from legal fisheries
- Improve the availability of accurate catch data and the use of logbook
- Improve the management and policy to support sustainable management of the tuna fisheries.
SFP assisted in the development of the draft Work Plan for 2012. The workplan was reviewed and adopted by the FIP participants for the implementation of improvement actions starting in March 2012.
An MOU with the Research Institute for Tuna Fisheries was signed in early 2012 to support the observer onboard program in longline vessels operating in the Indian Ocean. The observers collect scientific data for stock analysis and assist in training vessels crew to use logbook for catch data.
Six longline vessels fishing in Indian Ocean for fresh and frozen accommodated observers from the Research Institute for Tuna Fisheries, with total number of 353 days. Out of 6 trips, 4 trips were onboard vessels owned by PT Intimas, one of FIP participants.
There is a policy change in observer onboard program, as in 2013, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries established Ministerial Regulation regarding Implementation of Observers on Fishing Boats and Collecting Boats (Permen No.1/PERMEN-KP/2013).
FIP participants produced a fishery mapping, which included the fishing grounds where coastal tuna are caught, a list of fishers involved in the fisheries, and a letter from the village Head in Banda Neira Island confirming that the Banda fishers use hand line to catch tuna.
Visit to Banda Islands was conducted to observe the fishery operation and meet the hand line fishers of Banda Island. Landing data from the local fishery office in Banda was collected, and reviewed.
Two observers from the Indonesian Research Institute of Tuna Fisheries were hosted onboard the Indian Ocean long line tuna vessel since mid-August.
Development of FIP for the Handline tuna in Banda – Ceram Seas.
FIP meeting was held to review the 2013 improvement implementations, and identify activities for 2014.
Log book catch reporting was reviewed by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and 2013 catch data was submitted.
FIP leader presented FIP progress, lessons learned and next steps during the Indonesia Fisheries Meeting in Boston, North America Seafood Show.
Attended SFP Indonesia Supplier Roundtable in Jakarta in July 17, and presented FIP progress, challenges and lessons learned.
Participated in the discussion and contributed into the development of the National Fisheries Management Plan of Tuna, Skipjack and Tongkol in Fishing grounds of Indian Ocean and Western Pacific. The Management Plan is developed by the Ministry office of Fisheries and Marine Affairs.
To date, seven (7) National observers from the Directorate General of Capture Fisheries, MMAF have been onboard longline vessels, where 2 observers were in the collecting boats.
Continue support the Government enumerators to record catch at the landing site.
The National Fisheries Management Plan of Tuna, Skipjack and Tongkol was published and launched during the Bali Tuna Conference in November.
FIP was asked to participate in the exhibition where FIP’s booth was visited by the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Minister was briefed on the FIP progress, including the active participation of Intimas Surya in the the development of the National Fisheries Management Plan of Tuna, Skipjack and Tongkol in the fishing grounds of Indian Ocean and Western Pacific Ocean. Indonesia National Plan of Action for Tuna, Skipjack and Neritic tuna
January – June
Submitted 2014 catch data recording during the FIP consultation meeting with the staff of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF). Feedback received from the MMAF that data recording has been improved and the five observers onboard longline vessels in the Indian Ocean for 2014, were only onboard FIP vessels.
FIP leader presented FIP progress, lessons learned and next steps during the Indonesia Fisheries Meeting in Boston, North America Seafood Show in March, and in Brussels Seafood Expo in April.
Participated in the exhibition during the International Coastal Tuna Business Forum in Bali (May).
July – December
Two observers onboard FIP vessels during the period from August to September. One observer in fishing vessel, and another observer was in supporting vessel.
One FIP vessel participates in the trial of using Closed-Circuit Television to monitor the activities onboard supporting vessel.
2015 catch data from FIP vessels is being analysed and will be made available in next reporting.
One National observer onboard during the period of March.
Observer report from September – October 2015 showed that from 33 setting,24 species were caught, including 4 tuna species, yellowfin, bigeye, albacore an bluefin. And other large pelagics species are Xiphias gladius; Makaira indica; Tetrapturus audax;Istiophorus platypterus; Lepidocybium spp. Makaira mazara; Lampris guttatus; Katsuwonus pelamis; Taractes rubescens; Taractichthys steindachneri; Acanthocybium solandri; Alepisaurus ferrox ;Pteroplatytrygon violacea; Gempylus serpens; Sphyraena barracuda; Prionace glauca; Carcharhinusbrevipinna; Pseudocarchariaskamoharai; Isurus oxyrinchusand Mola mola.
Total fish caught was 602.The percentage of the main target was bigeye 29ish (4.8%), yellowfin 26 ekor (4.3%), albacore 22 (3.7%) and southern bluefin 11 ekor (1.8%). By product species includinghiu botol (Pseudocarcharias kamoharai) (6.7%). Full report in Bahasa is available upon request.
Total 2015 catch data from the FIP vessels as below:
Other large pelagics:
Currently, there are only 10 vessels participating in this FIP, as a result the moratorium on operations by foreign manufactured fishing vessels. Three FIP vessels have operated under the Malaysian flag, and will develop a separate FIP later this year.
Two observers onboard KM Mutiara 10 and KM Mutiara 9, spending almost 90 days at sea.
2016 Catch data from FIP vessels is available.
There were less catch in 2017 compared to previous year, this was due to the smaller number of vessels operating under this FIP.
The 2017 data showed that the highest catch volume was swordfish ( 130.90 tonnes), followed woth yellowfin tuna (104.27 tonnes).
FIP continue to improve the recording of ETP which include in the submission of the vessel logbooks.6
This FIP has also being reported in the Fishery Progress website, link: http://fisheryprogress.org/fip-profile/indonesiaindian-ocean-tuna-and-large-pelagics-longline.
Observer onboard took place at KM. Mutiara 06 vessel, from 20th April 2018 to 06 June 2018. The report in Bahasa Indonesia is uploaded here.
The FIP vessels continue to record ETP in their catch logbook.
Six vessels have been registered with IOTC by the Indonesian Government as the trial vessels for National observer onboard at high Sea.