Species: Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares),
FIP Scope/Scale: Fishery level
Fishing gear: handlineFishery
Location: Indonesia Territorial Water – WPPNRI 714
FIP formed: December 2014
FIP Stage : 4 (FIP is encouraging improvements)
- PT Intimas Surya
- Cannon Fish/APICDA
- Seafood Exchange Pty Ltd
- Research Institute for Tuna Fisheries
- Yayasan Alam Indonesia Lestari (LINI)
- Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan
Yellowfin tuna is an important artisanal fishery, supporting the livelihoods of coastal communities in the Banda Islands.However,there is no accurate catch data on of the handline yellowfin tunafisheries. Banda Islands situated in the Banda Sea, and part of the Western Central Pacific Ocean. Administratively, Banda belongs to Maluku Province. The Archipelago was famous once as the only world’s source of the nutmeg until the mid-19th century.
In the region, yellowfin tuna contributes to about 4% of total fish landing in Maluku Province, putting this fishery in number 6 of top fisheries commodities from Maluku Province, following other fish (21%), skipjack (10%), scad (7%), eastern little tuna (7%) and mackerel (5%). The Banda Sea is one the main sources of coastal tuna fishery for export.
At the regional level, The estimates of the latest (2012) and current (2008-2011) spawning biomass of the yellowfin tuna in the Western Central Pacific Ocean are both above levels necessary to produce the maximum sustainable yield (MSY). This indicates that that the population is not in an overfished state. Fishing mortality levels have been increasing over time but are still below levels needed to produce the maximum sustainable yield. Therefore overfishing is not occurring. Although it should be noted that catches in recent years have been close to or exceeded MSY by up to 13%. The biomass of yellowfin tuna has declined over time and fishing mortality rates for juveniles and adults have increased over time. Depletion estimates have also increased over time, reaching 60% of unexploited levels in 2012. While this is considered a moderate level of depletion, depletion in equatorial waters is considered to be higher – indicating that these regions may be fully exploited (Davies et al. 2014in Fishsource – http://www.fishsource.com/
FIP Aim and Objectives
The FIP aims to support and contribute to the development of the improvement and sustainability of the small scale handline tuna fishery in Indonesia.The FIP involves over 200 fishers from Banda islands operating in the 50 to 60 nautical miles from their villages into Banda Sea. The FIP steps are to start with some improvement measures, which will likely be further developed as time progresses.
- To promote traceability to ensure that the origins and status of tuna products purchased are well-known and all coming from legal fisheries by engaging the supply chains that support improvement
- To improve the availability of accurate data on catches, retained and by catch
- To collaborate with other institutions working on tuna fisheries issues in the country, including working together to improve the management and policy towards sustainable fisheries.
- Improve traceability to ensure that the origins and status of yellowfin tuna products purchased are well-known and all coming from legal fisheries
- Improve the availability of accurate catch data and the use of logbook
- Improve the management and policy to support sustainable management of the tuna fisheries.
January – September 2015
Enumerators have been recruited and trained to collect data and conduct biological surveys. They continue to improve the recording of catch landing data in Banda Neira in collaboration with Banda Marine Park.
Industry catch data for 2014 was submitted to the Ministry of Marine Affair and Fisheries to support the development of National harvest control strategy.
The tuna fishers cooperative Kelompok Nelayan Satu Hati from Kampung Baru, Banda Neira Island, was established in February. It has started to run a small shop providing items to support its members’ fishing operations, with items available including oils and sacks.
Training on best practices for handling and holding tuna for member of Kelompok Nelayan Satu Hati was conducted with the support from the Quality Control staff of PT Intimas Surya.
A mentoring program to strengthen the organisational skills of Kelompok Nelayan Satu Hati continues, with the introduction of assistance to help cooperatives with bookkeeping and preparing meeting minutes.
FIP participant assisted a field visit by Fair Trade USA and a US importer in June.
October – December 2015
Safety at Sea training for Kelompok Nelayan Satu Hati fisher group was conducted in November, with trainers came from the Search and Rescue (SAR) team from Banda SAR Station. The participants received life jackets, which were provided after they attended Safety at Sea training.
Five Pelagic Data System to map the fishing grounds have been secured, and training was given to use the system. The plan is to test in 5 boats in February 2016.
Enumerators have submitted catch sampling data from January to December 2015 to MMAF scientists, and is currently being analysed.
Fishers and boat registration of Banda handline tuna supplying FIP were completed, data is now available.
Data from January to October 2015 was submitted in November 2015, and has been analysed by scientists from the fisheries Reserach and Developmentof the Minitry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries. The preliminary result showed that Average size by month is 63.7 – 132.1 cm FL
Figure 1. Annual size frequency (cmFL) and its cumulative distribution function of YFT caught by Handline
In February 2016 the traditional vessel monitoring system using pelagic data systems devices was introduced to the Kampung Baru Banda handline tuna fisher group. The community workshop was organised in Banda island to introduce the PDS system. The PDS has mapped the Banda tuna handline fishing grounds.The maps of the fishing operations of five boats up to March (over 50 days of fishing times) were seen in Figure 2.
There are 255 boats in the process of being registered with the Maluku Selatan District fisheries office. The registration process for boats proved to be challenging, as boats are at sea most of the time.
The port sampling activities and length measurement continue to be recorded by the enumerators. There were 585 fish being measured between April and August, with an average size of YFT betwen 83 – 134.3 cm (Fork Length).
FIP has conducted registration for all boats supplying to Intimas Surya, the FIP implementer for YFT handline in Banda Sea. The information on registered boats have been uploaded into MMAF established online boat registration, where the information is available for public access. The program called R-VIA http://rvia.kkp.go.id/data-kapal is administered under the directorate of Fish Resource for Economic Exclusive Zone. The information consists of: a) name of boat; b) type of boat and gear;c) gross tonnage and size of boat; d) type and power of the engine.
Two stakeholder consultation meetings were held in Banda Neira in November, to discuss the collaborative efforts to consolidate data collection on YFT to help the management of tuna fishry in Banda Sea.Training on Safety at Sea for Tuna-Banda Fishers and Sustainable Fisheries were held in Banda Neira Island, where fishers attended the training received life jackets.
The 3rd tuna Banda stakeholder workshop was organized in March to discuss the need to register all tuna boats from Banda Islands. During the workshop, the fishery staff informed that fishers were unable to sell their catch for several weeks, because there were not enough local buyers. Intimas Surya’s vessels were not in Banda Island, as they were still waiting for the renewal of their fishing permits from Jakarta.
In April, Intimas Surya vessels resumed their sourcing from handline tuna Banda, as their vessels licences have been renewed.
The enumerators start recording the ETP (Endangered Threatened and Protected Species) by catch, and data collected will be reviewed at the end of year.
FIP continued to collect information concerning boat registration in order to obtain Fishery Vessel Registration (Bukti Pencatatan Kapal Perikanan) from the District office of Fisheries of Maluku Tengah
January – July
Catch data and port sampling landing for 2017 has been submitted to the Centre for Fisheries Research – MMAF for analysis.
Socio economic study of the small scale tuna handline from Banda Sea by LINI has been completed, and report is on the process to be finalised.
Study to learn about the mini purse who are fishing in the Banda islands is being conducted in May through June.
The boat registration is ongoing, and it will take time as new regulation required for the boats to be registered at the Provincial Government.